Author(s): Fakhoury M, Litalien C, Medard Y, Cav H, Ezzahir N,
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Abstract Cytochromes P450 3A (CYP3A) and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) are mainly located in enterocytes and hepatocytes. The CYP3A/P-gp system contributes to the first-pass metabolism of many drugs, resulting in a limited bioavailability. During the neonatal period, a shift between CYP3A7, the fetal form, and CYP3A4 occurs in the liver, but data on the expression of the CYP3A/P-gp complex in the intestine are very limited. A total of 59 normal duodenal biopsies from white children aged 1 month to 17 years were studied. Localization of the proteins by immunohistochemistry analysis was performed using a polyclonal antibody, Nuage anti-CYP3A, and a monoclonal antibody, C494 anti-P-gp. The mRNA quantification was performed using highly specific real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Villin mRNA quantification was used for normalization. CYP3A protein was detected in all enterocytes in the samples from patients over 6 months of age, whereas it was not in younger samples. P-gp protein was expressed at the apical and upper lateral surfaces of the enterocytes. CYP3A isoforms and P-gp mRNA levels were highly variable. CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 mRNA levels were high during the first year of life and decreased with age, whereas CYP3A7 was detected at a low level in 64\% of samples, whatever the age. P-gp mRNA expression level was also highly variable. Our results showed that neonates and infants had a significant expression of CYP3A and P-gp mRNA in the intestine, suggesting a different maturation profile of CYP3A and P-gp with age in the liver and the intestine.
This article was published in Drug Metab Dispos
and referenced in Journal of Pharmacovigilance