Author(s): Marten MR, Seo JH
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Abstract Protein localization in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was studied with two plasmid systems used as a model: one containing the SUC2 structural gene fused with the MFalpha1 (alpha-factor) promoter and signal-sequence, the other containing the entire SUC2 gene. Special emphasis was placed on the effect of promoter/signal-sequence (SUC2 vs. MFalpha1) on the efficiency of invertase transport. The MFalpha 1 and SUC2 signal sequences were capable of transporting, respectively, 83\% and 77\% of cloned invertase out of the cytoplasm. However, the SUC2 promoter was easier to control since a six-fold enhancement of the transported invertase activity associated with derepression was achieved in response to a glucose concentration change from 10 to 2 g/L Cloning on a multicopy plasmid resulted in a four-fold increase in total specific invertase activity over the wild type yeast strain (which harbors a single copy of the SUC2 gene on the chromosome), whereas the chromosomal site was more efficient for invertase localization yielding over 90\% of the invertase transported out of the cytoplasm. Transient experiments done with the SUC2 signal-sequence-containing plasmid showed that the specific invertase activity in the periplasmic space reached a maximum three hours after derepression, then decreased very slowly with an accompanying gradual increase in invertase activity in the growth medium.
This article was published in Biotechnol Bioeng
and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access