Author(s): Lacour SP, Fitzgerald JJ, Lago N, Tarte E, McMahon S,
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Abstract We have demonstrated that micro-channel electrode arrays with 100 microm x 100 microm cross-section channels support axon regeneration well, and that micro-channels of similar calibre and up to 5 mm long can support axon regeneration and vascularisation. They may be microfabricated using silicon, silicone, or polyimide and thin metal films to form 3-D bundles of long micro-channels. Arrays of "mini-nerves," i.e., miniature nerve fascicles with their own blood vessels, successfully grew through implants 0.5-5 mm long. Furthermore, guiding the regenerating nerve fibres into the small insulating channels allows for a significant increase of the extracellular (recordable) amplitude of action potentials, which promises considerable improvement for in vivo electrophysiology.
This article was published in IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng
and referenced in International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation