Author(s): Lozoff B, Beard J, Connor J, Barbara F, Georgieff M,
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Abstract Infants are at high risk for iron deficiency and iron-deficiency anemia. This review summarizes evidence of long-term effects of iron deficiency in infancy. Follow-up studies from preschool age to adolescence report poorer cognitive, motor, and social-emotional function, as well as persisting neurophysiologic differences. Research in animal models points to mechanisms for such long-lasting effects. Potential mechanisms relate to effects of iron deficiency during brain development on neurometabolism, myelination, and neurotransmitter function.
This article was published in Nutr Rev
and referenced in International Journal of School and Cognitive Psychology