Author(s): Chester M, Hammond C, Leach A
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Abstract Angina pectoris that is refractory to optimal medication and revascularization is becoming an increasingly common clinical problem. Recently the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMLR) for use in this group of patients and a large numbers of patients have already undergone this therapy. Unfortunately TMLR has is associated with an unacceptably high perioperative mortality (Cooley DA, Frazier OH, Kadipasaoglu KA, Lindenmeir MH, Pehlivanoglu S, KoIff JW, Wilansky S, Moore WH. Transmyocardiai laser revascularisation: clinical experience with twelve-month follow-up. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1996;111:791-799; Horvath KA, Cohn LH, Cooley DA, Crew JR, Frazier GH, Griffith BP, Kadipasaoglu K, Lansing A, Mannting F, March R, Mirhoseini MR, Smith C. Transmyocardial laser revascularisation: results of a multi-centre transmyocardial laser revascularisation used as sole therapy for end-stage coronary artery disease. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1997;113:645-654; Schofield PM, Sharples LD, Caine N, Burns S, Tait S, Wistow T, Buxton M, Wallwork J. Transmyocardial laser revascularisation in patients with refractory angina: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 1999;353:519-524), and recurrent refractory angina is common (Allen KB, Dowling RD, Fudge TL, Schoettle GP, Selinger SL, Gangahar OM, Angell WW, Petracek MR, Shaar CJ, O'Neill WW. Comparison of transmyocardial revascularization with medical therapy in patients with refractory angina. N Engl J Med 1999;341:1021-1028; Frazier OH, March RJ, Horvath KA, for the Transmyocardial Carbon Dioxide Laser Revascularization Study Group. Transmyocardial revascularization with a carbon dioxide laser in patients with end-stage coronary artery disease. N Engl J Med 1999;341:1021-1028). Temporary sympathectomy by stellate ganglion block (SGB) is in widespread use in a variety of chronic pain conditions and has long history of use in the management of angina (Moore DC. Stellate ganglion block. Springfield, IL: CC Thomas, 1954; Wiener L, Cox JW. Influence of stellate ganglion blockade on angina pectoris and the post exercise electrocardiogram. Am J Med Sci 1966;252:289-295). Here we describe a patient with end stage coronary artery disease and chronic refractory angina whose has been successfully treated with repeated unilateral left SGBs following multiple bypass operations, angioplasty procedures and laser therapy. This case report details his progress over a 34 month follow-up period.
This article was published in Pain
and referenced in Journal of Kidney