Author(s): Montague DK
PURPOSE: We assess long-term continence and patient satisfaction after implantation of the AMS Sphincter 800 (American Medical Systems, Minnetonka, Minnesota) in men who were incontinent after total and subtotal prostatectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who had an artificial urinary sphincter implanted for urinary incontinence after prostatectomy and a minimum of 20 months of followup were identified from a patient database. The medical records of these 209 patients were reviewed, and a questionnaire was mailed. Telephone contact was attempted with patients who did not respond to the questionnaire. Of the 209 patients 11 (5%) had undergone device removal, 34 (16%) were deceased and an additional 51 (24%) could not be contacted for followup. Our study group consisted of the 113 patients with artificial urinary sphincters who could be contacted for followup. Mean followup was 73 months (range 20 to 170). RESULTS: There were 4 (4%) patients who were dry and continent and 68 (60%) were incontinent using 0 to 1 pad daily. An additional 35 (31%) patients required 2 to 3 pads daily and 5 (4%) used more than 3 daily. There were 14 (12%) patients who had undergone surgical revision of the device. Of the 113 patients 31 (28%) were very satisfied, 50 (45%) satisfied, 20 (18%) neutral, 7 (6%) dissatisfied and 4 (4%) very dissatisfied. One patient was not using his device to control continence. CONCLUSIONS: Artificial urinary sphincter implantation offers men who are incontinent after prostatectomy a reasonable chance for obtaining long-term satisfactory urinary control, although complete continence is unusual.