Author(s): Christmas NJ, Oh KT, Oh DM, Folk JC
Abstract Share this page
Abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term clinical course of serpiginous choroiditis-a recurrent inflammatory disease that causes progressive visual loss-and to determine the efficacy of immunosuppressive therapy. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients who met inclusion criteria for serpiginous choroiditis at The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics was performed. Information collected included duration of follow-up, number of recurrences of inflammation, visual acuities, and development of choroidal neovascularization. The number of recurrences of inflammation in patients treated with immunosuppressive agents was compared with that in patients treated only with corticosteroids or observation. RESULTS: Seventeen patients were identified who had a mean age at presentation of 39.6 years. The mean duration of follow-up was 149.2 months, with 13 patients who were followed up for >60 months. Twelve eyes either presented with or developed macular choroidal neovascularization during follow-up. Thirteen of the patients were followed up for >12 months. Of these 13 patients, 6 received treatment with immunosuppressive agents along with corticosteroids. Four of the six patients developed no further inflammatory recurrence. Seven of the 13 patients were treated with corticosteroids or observation. All of these patients developed recurrences (P = 0.021, Fisher exact test). CONCLUSIONS: Immunosuppressive agents appear to reduce the rate of recurrent disease in serpiginous choroiditis compared with corticosteroids.
This article was published in Retina
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology