alexa Long-term low ascorbic acid intake reduces bone mass in guinea pigs.
Nutrition

Nutrition

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Author(s): Kipp DE, Grey CE, McElvain ME, Kimmel DB, Robinson RG,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The effect of long-term (1 y) low to excess ascorbic acid (AA) intake on bone mass was evaluated using guinea pigs that were 12-14 d old at the start of the experiment. Dietary AA was low (0.15 g/ kg diet) (n = 7), normal (0.50 g/kg) (n = 8) or excess (10 g/kg) (n = 8). After 12 mo, total body bone mineral density (BMD, mg/cm2) and bone mineral content (BMC, g) were determined by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Histomorphometric analysis of the cancellous bone of the proximal tibial metaphysis was completed after in vivo dual fluorochrome labeling. Total body BMD of the low AA group was 4.9\% lower (P < 0.05), and total body BMC was 12.4\% lower (P < 0.05) than in the normal AA group. Total body BMD and BMC were similar in normal and excess AA groups and in the low and excess AA groups. Histomorphometric analysis indicated significantly greater (P < 0.05) double-labeled bone surface, mineralizing surface, and bone formation rate in the low AA guinea pigs compared with the normal AA animals. Thus, there was greater bone turnover in the low AA group than in the normal AA guinea pigs. No differences in histomorphometric endpoints existed between the normal AA and excess AA groups. Long-term AA deficiency, during the period of rapid growth and slower phases of skeletal maturation, resulted in bone abnormalities in adult guinea pig skeletons. Long-term dietary AA excess caused no such abnormalities.
This article was published in J Nutr and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Food & Beverages
    July 27-29, 2017 Chicago, USA
  • Food Processing & Technology
    October 02-04, 2017 London, UK
  • Public Health, Epidemiology & Nutrition
    November 13-14, 2017 Osaka, Japan
  • Food Processing & Technology
    December 05-07, 2016 San Antonio, USA
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords