Author(s): Toma H, Tanabe K, Tokumoto T
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Based on the long-term experience with ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation, the following can be concluded: 1. Renal transplantation across ABO incompatibility is an acceptable treatment for patients with end-stage renal failure. [table: see text] 2. Long-term patient and graft survival in ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation is influenced primarily by acute rejection episodes occurring within 1 year. 3. Despite the removal of anti-ABO natural antibodies before transplantation, hyperacute rejection crises may occur in some cases. 4. Humoral rejection is the most prominent type of rejection in ABO-incompatible renal transplantation. Even though most of this rejection is controllable with anti-rejection therapy, the prognosis for a graft that undergoes humoral rejection is significantly poor. 5. The maximum IgG titers of anti-A/B antibody before transplantation may have a harmful effect on graft acceptance in ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation. 6. Renal transplantation across ABO incompatibility is principally the most significant risk factor to affect long-term allograft function in ABO-incompatible living kidney transplantation.
This article was published in Urol Clin North Am
and referenced in Journal of Kidney