Author(s): Bouwmeester SJ, Beckers JM, Kuijer R, van der Linden AJ, Bulstra SK
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Abstract Eighty-eight patients with articular cartilage defects in the knee were treated by perichondrial arthroplasty between 1986 and 1992. An autogenous strip of costal perichondrium was fixed in place with fibrin glue, followed by immobilisation, continuous passive motion, and partial weightbearing. The results were evaluated using the Hospital for Special Surgery Score for knee function, radiographs, arthroscopy and the patient's subjective opinion. The results after a mean follow-up of 52 months were good in 38\%, fair in 8\% and poor in 55\%. Previous drilling or shaving of a defect, concomitant osteoarthritis, older age and a long history of complaints proved to be contraindications. Good results were seen in 91\% of isolated defects. Perichondrial arthroplasty can be beneficial in the repair of cartilage defects. It will reduce symptoms in carefully selected cases, and avoid more extensive operations for osteoarthritis.
This article was published in Int Orthop
and referenced in Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering