alexa Loss of response to imatinib: mechanisms and management.
Pathology

Pathology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Author(s): Shah NP

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) has been revolutionized by the small molecule BCR-ABL-selective kinase inhibitor imatinib. Although imatinib is highly effective initially and generally well-tolerated, relapse is increasingly encountered clinically. Until recently, for the majority of CML patients with disease no longer responsive to imatinib, as well as for patients with imatinib intolerance, few effective therapeutic options existed. Our understanding of the major mechanisms of imatinib resistance has led to the clinical development of two novel BCR-ABL inhibitors that harbor significant therapeutic promise in early clinical trial experience. These agents, dasatinib (BMS-354825) and AMN107, are more potent inhibitors of BCR-ABL than imatinib, and moreover, harbor activity against nearly all imatinib-resistant BCR-ABL kinase domain mutant forms tested in vitro. Notably, neither of these compounds is effective against the imatinib-resistant BCR-ABL/T315I mutation. The potential availability of highly effective medications for the treatment of imatinib-resistant and intolerant cases of CML is expected to further complicate the timing of other effective therapies, such as allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Additionally, periodic genotyping of the BCR-ABL kinase domain to screen for drug-resistant mutations may play an increasingly important role in the future management of CML cases. This article was published in Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords