alexa Low background signal platform for the detection of ATP: when a molecular aptamer beacon meets graphene oxide.
Materials Science

Materials Science

Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Author(s): He Y, Wang ZG, Tang HW, Pang DW

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Abstract A novel molecular aptamer beacon (MAB) was designed by integrating a single-labeled hairpin-shaped aptamer and graphene oxide (GO). The hairpin-shaped aptamer was constructed with anti-ATP aptamer and another five nucleotides added to the 5'-end of the aptamer which are complementary to nucleotides at the 3'-end of the aptamer to form a hairpin-shaped probe. This newly designed MAB which acts as a low background signal platform was used for the ATP detection based on long-range resonance energy transfer (LrRET). In the absence of ATP, the adsorption of the dye-labeled hairpin-shaped aptamer on GO makes the dyes close proximity to GO surface resulting in high efficiency quenching of fluorescence of the dyes. Therefore, the fluorescence of the designed MAB is completely quenched by GO, and the system shows very low background. Conversely, and very importantly, upon the adding of ATP, the quenched fluorescence is recovered significantly, and ATP can be detected in a wide range of 5-2500μM with a detection limit of 2μM and good selectivity. Moreover, when the GO-based MAB was used in cellular ATP assays, preeminent fluorescence signals were obtained, thus the platform of GO-based MAB could be used to detect ATP in real-world samples. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in Biosens Bioelectron and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

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