Author(s): Sderlund Leifler K, Queseth S, Fornander T, Askmalm MS
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Abstract The purpose was to study the prognostic and predictive roles of DNA protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs), Ku70/80 and p53 for the effect of radiotherapy in breast cancer patients. Protein expressions of Ku70/80, DNA-PKcs and p53 were examined using immunohistochemistry in tumours from 224 breast cancer patients, who were randomised to receive post-operative radiotherapy or adjuvant chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil). One hundred and twenty-nine (60\%) of the tumours had low expression of Ku70/80, 122 (57\%) had low expression of DNA-PKcs and 65 (30\%) had altered p53 expression. None of the proteins were indicative to the prognosis of local recurrence-free survival. Even though the expression of Ku70/80 and DNA-PKcs correlated well, they were not associated with treatment outcome in the same way. Low expression of Ku70/80 predicted good effect of radiotherapy (RR=0.31, 95\% CI 0.13-0.76, p=0.01). In contrast, the greatest benefit of radiotherapy over chemotherapy was seen in patients with high DNA-PKcs expression (RR=0.25, 95\% CI 0.07-0.84, p=0.02). Altered p53 expression predicted poor response to radiotherapy. We believe that the results reflect the different roles of DNA-PKcs and Ku70/80 in repair and cell death regulation after DNA damage. These differences could be of importance when developing drugs that target DNA repair.
This article was published in Int J Oncol
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy