Author(s): Martnez A, Querleu D, Leblanc E, Narducci F, Ferron G
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of clinically detected port-site metastases (PSM) in patients with endometrial and cervical cancer treated at two gynecologic oncology services with extensive experience. METHODS: All eligible uterine cancer patients laparoscopically staged at Centre Oscar Lambret in Lille and Institut Claudius Regaud in Toulouse, France, were reviewed. MEDLINE database was searched to identify articles on PSM after laparoscopic procedures for cervical and endometrial cancer. RESULTS: During the study period, 1216 laparoscopic procedures for uterine cancer were performed. 921 patients underwent laparoscopic staging for cervical cancer and 295 for endometrial cancer. The overall incidence of PSM in our institutions was 0.4\% per procedure (5 patients), and the incidence of PSM after laparoscopy for cervical and endometrial cancer was 0.43\% and 0.33\%, respectively. Excluding patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis, the rate of port-site recurrence in our series lowered to 0.16\%, and the rate of isolated PSM to 0\%. The median time to the development of PSM was 8 months (range 6-48), the median overall survival from diagnosis for all patients was 26 months (range 7-30), and median survival from recurrence was 5 months (range 1-20). CONCLUSION: Although PSM is recognized as a complication of laparoscopy for ovarian cancer. PSM is a rare complication of laparoscopic staging for endometrial and cervical cancer. The majority of patients with PSM presented with associated synchronous disease. The incidence of isolated PSM can be maintained virtually to 0\% by an adequate operative technique. We believe that PSM in patients with uterine cancer cannot be used as an argument against laparoscopic staging in uterine cancer. Copyright (c) 2010. Published by Elsevier Inc.
This article was published in Gynecol Oncol
and referenced in Journal of Surgery