alexa Low-cost Housing: Policies and Constraints in developing Countries.


Journal of Architectural Engineering Technology

Author(s): Ergden S

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There is broad consensus on the fact that housing has central importance to everyone’s quality of life and health with considerable economic, social, cultural and personal significance. The way in which housing is produced and exchanged impacts development goals as well as environmental sustainability and the mitigation of natural disasters. Design of dwellings and neighbourhoods reflect and protect important elements of values and culture. The important role of housing production in employment generation, particularly for unskilled labour, is recognised globally. Despite considerable progress has been achieved in developing countries in the past two decades in policy formulation, facilitating a shift of the public sector’s role to strengthening of enabling strategies and focussing on the utilisation of the potential and capacity of informal sectors, there is a widening gap between policy formulation and the implementation process, and the status of low-income housing delivery is far beyond being satisfactory. There are many constraints for this situation. Lack of effective implementation strategies, poor promotion of security of tenure, inadequate supply of affordable land and infrastructure, inadequacy of housing finance systems, poor utilisation of local building materials and technologies, lack of support to small-scale construction activities, inappropriate standards and legislation, inadequate participation of communities in shelter development process and support to self-help, lack of focused research and experimental projects, poor utilisation of research findings, are amongst such major constraints. UNCHS (Habitat) is contributing to the implementation of the Habitat Agenda’s specific goal of “Adequate shelter for all” by undertaking diverse activities in the fields of knowledge creation, facilitation of information and experience exchange, awareness raising and advocacy, policy formulation and advice, and technical cooperation. A great majority of these activities focus specifically on the needs of low income and other vulnerable groups and in this context related to low-cost housing

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This article was published in International Conference on Spatial Information for Sustainable Development. Nairobi, Kenya and referenced in Journal of Architectural Engineering Technology

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