alexa Low-dose lidocaine suppresses experimentally induced hyperalgesia in humans.


Journal of Spine

Author(s): Koppert W, Zeck S, Sittl R, Likar R, Knoll R,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: The antinociceptive effects of systemically administered local anesthetics have been shown in various conditions, such as neuralgia, polyneuropathy, fibromyalgia, and postoperative pain. The objective of the study was to identify the peripheral mechanisms of action of low-dose local anesthetics in a model of experimental pain. METHODS: In a first experimental trial, participants (n=12) received lidocaine systemically (a bolus injection of 2 mg/kg in 10 min followed by an intravenous infusion of 2 mg x kg(-1) x h(-1) for another 50 min). In a second trial, modified intravenous regional anesthesia was administered to exclude possible central analgesic effects. In one arm, patients received an infusion of 40 ml lidocaine, 0.05\%; in their other arm, 40 ml NaCl, 0.9\%, served as a control. In both trials, calibrated tonic and phasic mechanical and chemical (histamine) stimuli were applied to determine differentially the impairment of tactile and nociceptive perception. RESULTS: Mechanical sensitivity to touch, phasic mechanical stimuli of noxious intensity, and heat pain thresholds remained unchanged after systemic and regional application of the anesthetic. In contrast, histamine-induced itch (intravenous regional anesthesia), axon reflex flare (systemic treatment), and development of acute mechanical hyperalgesia during tonic pressure (12 N; 2 min) of an interdigital web was significantly suppressed after both treatments. CONCLUSIONS: Increasing painfulness during sustained pinching has been attributed to excitation and simultaneous sensitization of particular Adelta- and C-nociceptors. This hyperalgesic mechanism seems to be particularly sensitive to low concentrations of lidocaine. These findings confirm clinical experience with lidocaine in pain states dominated by hyperalgesia.
This article was published in Anesthesiology and referenced in Journal of Spine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 18th Global Neurologists Annual Meeting on Neurology and Neurosurgery
    Nov 13-15, 2017, Athens, Greece
  • 2nd International Conference on Pediatric Neurology  
    August 31-September 01, 2017 Prague, Czech Republic
  • 12th Global Neurologists Annual Meeting on Neurology and Neurosurgery
    November 16-18, 2017 Lisbon, Portugal

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version