Author(s): Guichet JM, Spivak JM, Trouilloud P, Grammont PM
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Abstract Two retrospective epidemiologic studies have examined the incidence and prevalence of significant lower limb-length discrepancy and the number of surgical corrections by lengthening in 1987 in France. The incidence of apparatus prescriptions for asymmetry correction filled was 2.16 per 100,000 population. The prevalence of people using a corrective apparatus was one per 1000 population. The male-to-female ratio was 1.95:1. Because of biases in the study population, the actual incidence and prevalence of significant limb-length discrepancies is likely to be considerably higher. A questionnaire administered to surgeons of the French Orthopedic Society revealed that the majority of surgical lengthenings were performed by large orthopedic teams. In the 418 procedures reported, the tibia was lengthened more often than the femur (ratio 1.1:1). Gradual distraction techniques were used in 89.4\% of cases, with the Ilizarov apparatus used in 57.4\%, the Wagner apparatus in 20.6\%, and the Orthofix fixator in 11.2\%. Immediate distraction techniques were used in 7.9\% of cases, 85\% of which were done on the femur. Average total lengthening was 51 mm for tibia and femur. Average lengthening was greater for methods of gradual distraction (53.5 mm) than for immediate distraction (31.4 mm).
This article was published in Clin Orthop Relat Res
and referenced in Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology