Author(s): He J, Zhang W, Zhou Q, Zhao T, Song Y,
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Abstract Glioma is the most common highly malignant primary brain tumor. The molecular pathways that result in the pathogenesis of glioma remain elusive. In this study, we found microRNA-107 (miR-107) was downregulated in glioma tissues and cell lines. Our results revealed miR-107 overexpression suppressed cell proliferation in glioma cells, whereas miR-107 knockdown promoted cell growth in MO59K. miR-107 expression induced apoptosis in glioma cells possibly through the increase in Fas (TNFRSF6)-associated via death domain (FADD) expression and activation of caspases-8 and -3/7. Moreover, the activity of caspase-8 in miR-107-overexpressing SHG44 cells was suppressed with FADD knockdown. The tumor growth in nude mice bearing miR-107-overexpressing SHG44 cells was blocked through apoptosis induction. Sal-like 4 (Drosophila) (SALL4) level was reduced upon miR-107 overexpression in glioma cells, and the inverse was observed upon miR-107 knockdown in MO59K. Using a luciferase reporter system, SALL4 3'-UTR-dependent luciferase activity was reduced by miR-107 mimics or increased by an inhibitor of miR-107. In SHG44, SALL4 downregulation triggered growth inhibition and activated FADD-mediated cell apoptosis pathway. The caspase-8 activity in miR-107-overexpressing SHG44 cells was suppressed with SALL4 upregulation. Furthermore, primary glioma tumors with low miR-107 expression show elevated SALL4 level. An obvious inverse correlation was observed between miR-107 expression and SALL4 level in clinical glioma samples. Therefore, our results demonstrate upregulation of miR-107 suppressed glioma cell growth through direct targeting of SALL4, leading to the activation of FADD/caspase-8/caspase-3/7 signaling pathway of cell apoptosis. These data suggest miR-107 is a potential therapeutic target against glioma. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Int J Biochem Cell Biol
and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis