Author(s): Tsumaki N, Kakiuchi M, Sasaki J, Ochi T, Yoshikawa H
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy by hemicallotasis for osteoarthritis in the medial compartment of the knee requires external fixation for a long time, until callus maturation is complete. The aim of this study was to determine if low-intensity pulsed ultrasound would accelerate callus maturation when applied after distraction to limbs treated with opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy by hemicallotasis. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with symmetric grades of osteoarthritis and similar degrees of varus deformity in the two knees underwent bilateral one-stage opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy by hemicallotasis. After completion of distraction, the bone mineral density of the distraction callus was measured. Then, one randomly selected limb was subjected to ultrasound treatment for twenty minutes daily until removal of the external fixator. The contralateral limb was left untreated to serve as the control. After four weeks of treatment, bone mineral density was measured again. RESULTS: During the four-week treatment period, the mean increase in callus bone mineral density was significantly greater in the ultrasound-treated tibiae (0.20 +/- 0.12 g/cm(2)) than in the control tibiae (0.13 +/- 0.10 g/cm(2)) (p = 0.02, unpaired t test). In eighteen patients the increase in the bone mineral density was greater in the ultrasound-treated limb than in the control limb, whereas in three patients the increase was greater in the control limb. CONCLUSIONS: We found that low-intensity pulsed ultrasound applied during the consolidation phase of distraction osteogenesis accelerates callus maturation after opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy by hemicallotasis in elderly patients.
This article was published in J Bone Joint Surg Am
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy