alexa Low-level right vagal stimulation: anticholinergic and antiadrenergic effects.
Mathematics

Mathematics

Journal of Applied & Computational Mathematics

Author(s): Sha Y, Scherlag BJ, Yu L, Sheng X, Jackman WM,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract INTRODUCTION: We sought to extend the use of low-level vagal stimulation by applying it only to the right vagus nerve (LL-RVS) to suppress atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: In 10 pentobarbital anesthetized dogs, LL-RVS (20 Hz, 0.1 ms pulse width) was delivered to the right vagal trunk via wire electrodes at voltages 50\% below that which slowed the sinus rate (SR) or atrio-ventricular conduction. Electrode catheters were sutured at multiple atrial and pulmonary vein (PV) sites to record electrograms. LL-RVS continued for 3 hours. At the end of each hour, 40 ms of high-frequency stimulation (HFS; 100 Hz, 0.01 ms pulse width) was delivered 2 ms after atrial pacing (during the refractory period) to determine the AF threshold (AF-TH) at each site. Other electrodes were attached to the superior left ganglionated plexi (SLGP) and right stellate ganglion (RSG) so that HFS (20 Hz, 0.1 ms pulse width) to these sites induced SR slowing and acceleration, respectively. Microelectrodes inserted into the anterior right ganglionated plexi (ARGP) recorded neural activity. RESULTS: (1) Three hours of LL-RVS induced a progressive increase in AF-TH at all sites (all P < 0.05). (2) The SR slowing and acceleration response induced by SLGP and RSG stimulation, respectively, was blunted by LL-RVS. (3) The frequency and amplitude of the neural activity recorded from the ARGP were markedly inhibited by LL-RVS. CONCLUSIONS: LL-RVS suppressed AF inducibility and the chronotropic responses to parasympathetic and sympathetic stimulation. Inhibition of neural activity in the GP may be a mechanism underlying these results. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This article was published in J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol and referenced in Journal of Applied & Computational Mathematics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_micro[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords