alexa L-S,R-buthionine sulfoximine: historical development and clinical issues.
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology

Author(s): Bailey HH, Bailey HH

Abstract Share this page

Abstract L-S,R-buthionine sulfoximine (L-S,R BSO) is a potent specific inhibitor of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase, the rate-limiting step in glutathione (GSH) biosynthesis. GSH is an important component of tumor drug resistance based on a strong association and recent transfection studies. Depletion of intracellular GSH by BSO significantly enhances the cytotoxicity of many cytotoxic agents, principally alkylating agents and platinating compounds but also irradiation and anthracyclines. Phase I clinical trials of BSO + melphalan (L-PAM)have been carried out and observed little toxicity with BSO alone and increased myelosuppression with BSO + L-PAM. Consistent and profound (< 10\% of control) GSH depletion was observed in serial determinations of tumor GSH levels in patients receiving continuous infusion (CI) BSO. Evidence of clinical activity has been observed in patients with alkylating or platinating agent-refractory tumors. Phase II evaluation of CI BSO with L-PAM is in progress.
This article was published in Chem Biol Interact and referenced in Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords