alexa Lung cancer epidemiology, risk factors, and prevention.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Journal of Cytology & Histology

Author(s): de Groot P, Munden RF

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Abstract The greatest risk by far for developing lung cancer is cigarette smoking, but age, radon exposure, environmental pollution, occupational exposures, gender, race, and pre-existing lung disease also are important contributors. However, not all people with these risk factors develop lung cancer, and some without any known risk factor do, indicating the importance of genetic influences. Future advances in understanding and treating lung cancer will be based on genetic analysis. The most effective preventive measure is to never start or to stop cigarette smoking. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Radiol Clin North Am and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology

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