alexa Lung remodeling and pulmonary hypertension after myocardial infarction: pathogenic role of reduced caveolin expression
Medicine

Medicine

Translational Medicine

Author(s): JeanFranois Jasmin, Isabelle Mercier, Robert Hnasko, Michelle WC Cheung, Herbert B Tanowitz, Jocelyn Dupuis, Michael P Lisanti

Abstract Share this page

OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) and lung structural remodeling are frequent complications of congestive heart failure (CHF). Yet, the molecular mechanisms involved in CHF-induced PH and lung remodeling remain unknown. Caveolins (Cav-1, -2 and -3) are the principal structural proteins of the vesicular invaginations of the plasma membrane, termed caveolae. Mice with homozygous deletion of the caveolin-1 gene (Cav-1(-/-)) have been shown to develop dilated cardiomyopathy, PH and lung structural remodeling, characterized by hypercellularity and thickening of the alveolar septa. However, the physiological relevance of these observations for the pathogenesis of PH and lung remodeling remains to be determined. METHODS AND RESULTS: Here, we investigate the natural behavior of the endogenous caveolin proteins during the development of PH and lung structural remodeling, using a rat model of myocardial infarction (MI). MI was induced in male Wistar rats by ligating the left anterior coronary artery. Two weeks post-MI, rats were anesthetized and hemodynamic and morphometric measurements were obtained. Rats subjected to MI developed marked PH, lung structural remodeling and right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH). Both immunoblot analysis and immunohistochemistry dramatically show that Cav-1 and Cav-2 expression is downregulated to almost undetectable levels in the lungs of post-MI rats. Mechanistically, the reduced expression of caveolins was associated with the increased tyrosine-phosphorylation of the signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3) and the upregulation of cyclin D1 and D3 expression. We also show that STAT3 is hyperphosphorylated, and cyclin D1 and D3 levels are dramatically upregulated, in lung tissue samples derived from Cav-1 (-/-)- and Cav-2 (-/-)-deficient mice. CONCLUSIONS: Thus, down-modulation of pulmonary Cav-1 and Cav-2 expression in rats subjected to MI may represent an initiating mechanism leading to the activation of the STAT3/Cyclins pathway and, ultimately, to the development of PH and lung structural remodeling.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Open Access
This article was published in Cardiovascular research and referenced in Translational Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords