Author(s): Chetty R, Govender D
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Abstract The entity of 'microscopic colitis' is being diagnosed with increasing frequency and is a well-established clinicopathological diagnosis that is underpinned by a triad of watery diarrhea, normal results on endoscopy and characteristic microscopic findings. Careful histopathological evaluation and awareness of its numerous associations (especially with drugs and celiac disease) and mimics will lead to the correct diagnosis of microscopic colitis. The etiology of microscopic colitis remains enigmatic and is multifactorial with different elements being more influential in different individuals. Treatment includes antidiarrheal agents and anti-inflammatory drugs (including steroids). The purpose of this article is to provide some clarity on nomenclature, discuss the multitude of conditions that can occur synchronously or metachronously with microscopic colitis and their role in the etiopathogenesis of this condition, provide a detailed review of the pathological aspects of the disease and to briefly discuss treatment trends.
This article was published in Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol
and referenced in International Journal of Inflammation, Cancer and Integrative Therapy