alexa Lyn, Jak2, and Raf-1 kinases are critical for the antiapoptotic effect of interleukin 5, whereas only Raf-1 kinase is essential for eosinophil activation and degranulation.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Pazdrak K, OlszewskaPazdrak B, Stafford S, Garofalo RP, Alam R

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Abstract Interleukin (IL)-5 has been shown to activate many signaling molecules in eosinophils, but their functional relevance remains unknown. We have examined the functional relevance of Lyn, Jak2, and Raf-1 kinases in eosinophil survival, upregulation of adhesion molecules and degranulation. To this goal we used Lyn and Raf-1 antisense (AS) oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) to inhibit the expression of these proteins and tyrphostin AG490 to specifically block the activation of Jak2. We have demonstrated that all three kinases are important for IL-5- induced suppression of eosinophil apoptosis. However, Lyn and Jak2 tyrosine kinases are not important for the upregulation of CD11b and the secretion of eosinophil cationic protein. In contrast, Raf-1 kinase is critical for both these functions. This is the first identification of specific signaling molecules responsible for three important functions of eosinophils. We have established a central role for Raf-1 kinase in regulating eosinophil survival, expression of beta2 integrins and degranulation. Further, there appears to be a dissociation between two receptor-associated tyrosine kinases, i.e., Lyn and Jak2, and the activation of Raf-1 kinase. The delineation of the functional relevance of signaling molecules will help design therapeutic approaches targeting specific eosinophil function.
This article was published in J Exp Med and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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