Author(s): LeeKwon W, Kawano K, Choi JW, Kim JH, Donowitz M
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Abstract Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 3 (NHE3) kinase A regulatory protein (E3KARP) has been implicated in cAMP- and Ca(2+)-dependent inhibition of NHE3. In the current study, a new role of E3KARP is demonstrated in the stimulation of NHE3 activity. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a mediator of the restitution phase of inflammation but has not been studied for effects on sodium absorption. LPA has no effect on NHE3 activity in opossum kidney (OK) proximal tubule cells, which lack expression of endogenous E3KARP. However, in OK cells exogenously expressing E3KARP, LPA stimulated NHE3 activity. Consistent with the stimulatory effect on NHE3 activity, LPA treatment increased the surface NHE3 amount, which occurred by accelerating exocytic trafficking (endocytic recycling) to the apical plasma membrane. These LPA effects only occurred in OK cells transfected with E3KARP. The LPA-induced increases of NHE3 activity, surface NHE3 amounts, and exocytosis were completely inhibited by pretreatment with the PI 3-kinase inhibitor, LY294002. LPA stimulation of the phosphorylation of Akt was used as an assay for PI 3-kinase activity. LY294002 completely prevented the LPA-induced increase in Akt phosphorylation, which is consistent with the inhibitory effect of LY294002 on the LPA stimulation of NHE3 activity. The LPA-induced phosphorylation of Akt was the same in OK cells with and without E3KARP. These results show that LPA stimulates NHE3 in the apical surface of OK cells by a mechanism that is dependent on both E3KARP and PI 3-kinase. This is the first demonstration that rapid stimulation of NHE3 activity is dependent on an apical membrane PDZ domain protein.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome