Author(s): Nagata T
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Abstract For the purpose of studying the aging changes of macromolecular synthesis in animal cells, we studied many groups of aging mice during development and aging from fetal day 19 to postnatal newborn, juvenile, young adults, aged and senescent adults up to 12 and month 24 (2 years). They were injected with (3)H-thymidine, (3)H-uridine or (3)H-leucine, precursors for DNA, RNA and proteins, as well as (3)H-glucose, (3)H-glucosamine, (35)S-sulfuric acid, or (3)H-glycerol for glucide and lipid precursors, respectively, then sacrificed and the liver tissues were taken out, fixed and processed for light and electron microscopic radioautography. On many radioautograms the localization of silver grains demonstrating DNA, RNA and proteins in hepatocytes in respective aging groups were analyzed qualitatively. The number of silver grains and the number of cell organelles in each cell of each animal in respective aging groups were analyzed quantitatively in relation to the aging of individual animals. The results revealed that the localization of respective precursors as well as the number of silver grains in cell nuclei, cell organelles, changed with the aging of animals. The numbers of labeled nuclei and cell organelles, as well as the numbers of silver grains in nuclei and cell organelles changed due to aging of individual animals. The number of mitochondria, the number of labeled mitochondria and the mitochondrial labeling index labeled with silver grains were counted in each hepatocyte. It was demonstrated that the numbers of mitochondria, the numbers of labeled mitochondria and the labeling indices showing DNA, RNA and protein synthesis at various ages from embryonic day 19 to postnatal newborn day 1, 3, 9, 14, adult month 1, 2 and 6, reaching the maxima, then decreased to senile year 1 to 2, indicating the aging changes. The results indicated that mitochondria in hepatocytes synthesized nucleic acids and proteins independently from the nuclei, but their synthetic activities were affected from the aging of the individual animals. (c) 2009 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Prog Histochem Cytochem
and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research