Author(s): Qiao H, May JM
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Abstract To determine whether macrophage differentiation involves increased uptake of vitamin C, or ascorbic acid, we assessed the expression and function of its transporter SVCT2 during phorbol ester-induced differentiation of human-derived THP-1 monocytes. Induction of THP-1 monocyte differentiation by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) markedly increased SVCT2 mRNA, protein, and function. When ascorbate was present during PMA-induced differentiation, the increase in SVCT2 protein expression was inhibited, but differentiation was enhanced. PMA-induced SVCT2 protein expression was blocked by inhibitors of protein kinase C (PKC), with most of the affect due to the PKCbetaI and betaII isoforms. Activation of MEK/ERK was sustained up to 48 h after PMA treatment, and the inhibitors completely blocked PMA-stimulated SVCT2 protein expression, indicating an exclusive role for the classical MAP kinase pathway. However, inhibitors of NF-kappaB activation, NADPH oxidase inhibitors, and several antioxidants also partially prevented SVCT2 induction, suggesting diverse distal routes for control of SVCT2 transcription. Both known promoters for the SVCT2 were involved in these effects. In conclusion, PMA-induced monocyte-macrophage differentiation is enhanced by ascorbate and associated with increased expression and function of the SVCT2 protein through a pathway involving sustained activation of PKCbetaI/II, MAP kinase, NADPH oxidase, and NF-kappaB.
This article was published in Free Radic Biol Med
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy