alexa Macrophage endothelial nitric-oxide synthase autoregulates cellular activation and pro-inflammatory protein expression.
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders: Current Research

Author(s): Connelly L, Jacobs AT, PalaciosCallender M, Moncada S, Hobbs AJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Expression of inducible nitric-oxide (NO) synthase (iNOS) and "high-output" production of NO by macrophages mediates many cytotoxic actions of these immune cells. However, macrophages have also been shown to express a constitutive NOS isoform, the function of which remains obscure. Herein, bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMØs) from wild-type and endothelial NOS (eNOS) knock-out (KO) mice have been used to assess the role of this constitutive NOS isoform in the regulation of macrophage activation. BMDMØs from eNOS KO animals exhibited reduced nuclear factor-kappaB activity, iNOS expression, and NO production after exposure to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as compared with cells derived from wild-type mice. Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) was identified in BMDMØs at a mRNA and protein level, and activation of cells with LPS resulted in accumulation of cyclic GMP. Moreover, the novel non-NO-based sGC activator, BAY 41-2272, enhanced BMDMØ activation in response to LPS, and the sGC inhibitor 1H-(1,2,4)oxadiazolo(4,3-a)quinoxalin-1-one attenuated activation. These observations provide the first demonstration of a pathophysiological role for macrophage eNOS in regulating cellular activation and suggest that NO derived from this constitutive NOS isoform, in part via activation of sGC, is likely to play a pivotal role in the initiation of an inflammatory response. This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • International Meeting on Women's Health and Breast Cancer
    Oct 12, 2017, Dubai, UAE
  • International Conference on Gynecology and Obstetrics Pathology
    October 23-24, 2017 Orlando, USA
  • 5th International Conference on HIV/AIDS, STDs and STIs
    Nov 13-14, 2017, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords