Author(s): Connelly L, Jacobs AT, PalaciosCallender M, Moncada S, Hobbs AJ
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Abstract Expression of inducible nitric-oxide (NO) synthase (iNOS) and "high-output" production of NO by macrophages mediates many cytotoxic actions of these immune cells. However, macrophages have also been shown to express a constitutive NOS isoform, the function of which remains obscure. Herein, bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMØs) from wild-type and endothelial NOS (eNOS) knock-out (KO) mice have been used to assess the role of this constitutive NOS isoform in the regulation of macrophage activation. BMDMØs from eNOS KO animals exhibited reduced nuclear factor-kappaB activity, iNOS expression, and NO production after exposure to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as compared with cells derived from wild-type mice. Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) was identified in BMDMØs at a mRNA and protein level, and activation of cells with LPS resulted in accumulation of cyclic GMP. Moreover, the novel non-NO-based sGC activator, BAY 41-2272, enhanced BMDMØ activation in response to LPS, and the sGC inhibitor 1H-(1,2,4)oxadiazolo(4,3-a)quinoxalin-1-one attenuated activation. These observations provide the first demonstration of a pathophysiological role for macrophage eNOS in regulating cellular activation and suggest that NO derived from this constitutive NOS isoform, in part via activation of sGC, is likely to play a pivotal role in the initiation of an inflammatory response.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders: Current Research