Author(s): RibeiroGomes FL, Otero AC, Gomes NA, MonizDeSouza MC, CysneFinkelstein L,
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Abstract Macrophages are host cells for the pathogenic parasite Leishmania major. Neutrophils die and are ingested by macrophages in the tissues. We investigated the role of macrophage interactions with inflammatory neutrophils in control of L. major infection. Coculture of dead exudate neutrophils exacerbated parasite growth in infected macrophages from susceptible BALB, but killed intracellular L. major in resistant B6 mice. Coinjection of dead neutrophils amplified L. major replication in vivo in BALB, but prevented parasite growth in B6 mice. Neutrophil depletion reduced parasite load in infected BALB, but exacerbated infection in B6 mice. Exacerbated growth of L. major required PGE(2) and TGF-beta production by macrophages, while parasite killing depended on neutrophil elastase and TNF-alpha production. These results indicate that macrophage interactions with dead neutrophils play a previously unrecognized role in host responses to L. major infection.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology