Author(s): Adler B, Adler H, Pfister H, Jungi TW, Peterhans E
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Abstract Bovine bone marrow-derived macrophages infected with the cytopathic biotype of bovine viral diarrhea virus released an antiviral activity into the supernatant which was tentatively characterized as type I interferon because of its physicochemical properties. Such supernatants primed both infected and uninfected macrophages for decreased nitric oxide production and apoptosis in response to lipopolysaccharide. This finding strongly suggests a role of this pathway in the pathogenesis of mucosal disease, a lethal form of infection with cytopathic bovine viral diarrhea virus in which the principal lesions are located in the oral cavity and the gastrointestinal tract, which are known to contain a high concentration of endotoxin.
This article was published in J Virol
and referenced in Journal of Infectious Diseases & Preventive Medicine