alexa Maintenance of proton motive force by Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus during growth in continuous culture.
Veterinary Sciences

Veterinary Sciences

Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Sciences

Author(s): Hamilton IR

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The components of the transmembrane electrochemical proton gradient, or proton motive force (PMF, delta p), were determined in cells of Streptococcus mutans Ingbritt and Streptococcus sobrinus ATCC 27352 growing in continuous culture under conditions of changing glucose concentration, growth rate and growth pH. The pH gradient (delta pH) and membrane electrical potential (delta psi) were assayed with the weak acid, salicyclic acid, and the lipophilic cation, methyltriphenylphosphonium iodide, respectively. S. mutans Ingbritt growing in continuous culture (pH 7.0, dilution rate (D) = 0.1 h-1) at 8 glucose concentrations ranging from 2.8 to 288 mM maintained a relatively constant delta p of 58.3 mV (SD +/- 5.8) in spite of a transition from glucose to nitrogen-limited growth and significant changes in cell physiology. Changes included a decreasing yield constant, increasing glucose uptake rates in the chemostat, repression of Ellglc of the PEP phosphotransferase sugar transport system and decreasing glycolytic capacity of the cells as the medium glucose concentration increased. Changes in the dilution or growth rate of S. mutans Ingbritt from 0.1 to 1.0 h-1 and S. sobrinus from 0.1 to 0.8 h-1, when growing at pH 7.0 with limited glucose and lactose, respectively, resulted in significantly lower delta p values due to the dissipation of the delta psi. When the cells of S. mutans Ingbritt were grown with excess glucose (nitrogen limitation), lower delta p values were observed at pH 5.5, but not at pH 7.0.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in Oral Microbiol Immunol and referenced in Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Sciences

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version