alexa Malaria vaccine adjuvants: latest update and challenges in preclinical and clinical research.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Author(s): Elena Mata, Aiala Salvador, Manoli Igartua, Rosa Mara Hernndez, Jos Luis Pedraz

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There is no malaria vaccine currently available, and the most advanced candidate has recently reported a modest 30% efficacy against clinical malaria. Although many efforts have been dedicated to achieve this goal, the research was mainly directed to identify antigenic targets. Nevertheless, the latest progresses on understanding how immune system works and the data recovered from vaccination studies have conferred to the vaccine formulation its deserved relevance. Additionally to the antigen nature, the manner in which it is presented (delivery adjuvants) as well as the immunostimulatory effect of the formulation components (immunostimulants) modulates the immune response elicited. Protective immunity against malaria requires the induction of humoral, antibody-dependent cellular inhibition (ADCI) and effector and memory cell responses. This review summarizes the status of adjuvants that have been or are being employed in the malaria vaccine development, focusing on the pharmaceutical and immunological aspects, as well as on their immunization outcomings at clinical and preclinical stages.

This article was published in BioMed Research International and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

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