Author(s): Demircay E
BACKGROUND: Lymphoma of bone is uncommon. As a result of this, many aspects of primary lymphoma of bone (PLB) are controversial: the definition, treatment strategies, response criteria, and prognostic factors.
QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We sought to determine the following in an analysis from a single center over a four-decade period: (1) 5-year disease-free survival of patients with PLB as well as those with systemic lymphoma with bone involvement; and (2) whether prognostic factors (sex, site of tumor, age) were associated with 5-year survival.
METHODS: A total of 119 patients with lymphoma involving the musculoskeletal system were retrospectively evaluated. Among these, 94 patients who had a minimum followup of 6 months (mean, 67 months; range, 6 months to 34 years) were further analyzed for the skeletal site of involvement, the orthopaedic intervention(s) needed, and survival. The overall median age was 45 years (range, 7-87 years). The female-to-male ratio was 1:1.53. There were 70 (65 unifocal, five multifocal) patients with PLB. The femur was the most frequent site involved. Appendicular skeleton involvement was substantially higher in patients with PLB. Thirty-four (36%) patients had at least one surgical intervention. Fourteen patients (41%) needed more than one major surgical intervention. RESULTS: The disease-free 5-year survival for patients with PLB was 81% and for the patients with systemic lymphoma with bone involvement, it was 44%. The disease-free 5-year survival of the patients with PLB younger than 60 years old and 60 years old or older was 90% and 62%, respectively. Age was the only prognostic factor on survival of patients with PLB. CONCLUSIONS: Orthopaedic intervention was usually needed for pathologic fractures, avascular necrosis, spinal cord compression, or for the lesions of the weightbearing bones compromising stability or joint motion. The potential for long-term survival suggests the use of implants and techniques that have the best chance of long-term success.