Author(s): de Castro SM, Busch OR, Gouma DJ
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Abstract Pancreatic surgery has advanced considerably during the past decades. Recent studies report reduced morbidity rates and virtually no mortality after resection. However, postoperative complications are still a formidable menace. In this chapter we discuss the management of postoperative bleeding and leakages which are considered the most feared complications, and discuss the advent of minimal invasive methods for management of these complications. Patients who develop postoperative bleeding almost always present with septic complications and a sentinel bleed before onset of bleeding. These patients should undergo early diagnostic angiography followed by embolisation. If this does control the bleeding an emergency laparotomy should be performed as last resort. Patients who develop pancreatic leakage are generally managed conservatively by means of percutaneous drainage. Aggressive surgery should be performed at the first sign of severe sepsis. The condition of the pancreatic remant found during reoperation dictates the type of surgical intervention best performed.
This article was published in Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol
and referenced in Surgery: Current Research