Author(s): Guerado E, Bertrand ML, Cano JR
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Abstract Calcaneal fractures result, in many cases, in, subtalar joint stiffness and severe disability. Diagnosis is usually made by X-ray, but more accurately by a computed tomography (CT) scan. In the last years, much has been known regarding its physiopathology and osteosynthesis. Although new developments in osteosynthesis materials have been made, calcaneus fractures still remains in dispute of those advocating non-operative treatment and those defending open reduction and internal fixation. Less invasive surgery, arthroscopy and three-dimensional (3D) fluoroscopy are very important for reduction accuracy and soft-tissue damage avoidance. In this article, the physiopathology, diagnosis, classification and treatment of calcaneus fractures are updated. Nevertheless, systematic reviews have shown no evidence about what treatment is better. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Injury
and referenced in Anthropology