alexa Management of splenic trauma: a single institution's 8-year experience.
Social & Political Sciences

Social & Political Sciences

Journal of Civil & Legal Sciences

Author(s): Rosati C, Ata A, Siskin GP, Megna D, Bonville DJ,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Management of splenic trauma has evolved, with current practice favoring selective angiographic embolization and non-operative treatment over immediate splenectomy. Defining the optimal selection criteria for the appropriate management strategy remains an important question. METHODS: This retrospective registry review was conducted at a Level I trauma center. The patient population consisted of 20,561 patients in the State Trauma Registry from April 2004 to May 2012. Splenectomy, angiography, splenic embolization, nonoperative, and noninterventional (NI) observation were the management strategies under study. Morbidity and mortality were the outcome measures. Morbidity and mortality by management strategy. RESULTS: During the 8-year study period, 926 (4.5\%) patients sustained splenic injury. Observational management increased over time despite the similar distribution of splenic injury grade over the study period: grade I/II (50\%), grade III (24.2\%), and grade IV/V (25.8\%). Mortality rates associated with each management strategy were the following: immediate splenectomy (IS; 25\%), splenic embolization (SE; 3.9\%), and angiography only or observation, that is, NI (6.5\%) management. Injury severity score (ISS) was highest in IS (36.1 ± 1.3) compared with SE (29.1 ± 1.0, P = .001) and NI (21.6, P < .001). Splenectomy was required in 5 of the 129 (3.9\%) patients managed with SE and 9 of the 677 (1.3\%) patients managed by NI. Mortality was significantly lower among those managed by SE (odds ratio .12, 95\% confidence interval: .05 to .32) or NI (odds ratio .21, 95\% confidence interval: .12 to .35). This survival benefit was explained by the association of IS with systolic blood pressure <90, high ISS, low GCS at presentation, ISS, development of shock, need for transfusion, and multiorgan failure. CONCLUSIONS: In this large 8-year single institution study, we observed an increase in nonoperative management by an increased application of angiography and embolization. An aggressive utilization of SE in patients with appropriate indications will result in low failure rates and improved mortality. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Am J Surg and referenced in Journal of Civil & Legal Sciences

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords