alexa Managing women with post-menopausal bleeding.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Epstein E, Valentin L

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Transvaginal ultrasound examination can reliably distinguish women with post-menopausal bleeding (PMB) who are at low risk of endometrial pathology (endometrial thickness < or =4 mm) from those who are at high risk (endometrium > or =5 mm) and can rule out focally growing lesions in the uterine cavity using saline infusion into the cavity as a negative contrast agent (hydrosonography). The 5 mm cut-off is applicable irrespective of the use of hormone replacement therapy. It is justified to refrain from endometrial sampling in women with PMB and an endometrial thickness of < or =4 mm because the risk of endometrial cancer in these women is low (0.1-1.0\%). However, it is not known whether these women need follow-up. About 80\% of women with PMB and an endometrium of > or =5 mm have focally growing pathological lesions in the uterine cavity. These should be removed by operative hysteroscopy because dilatation and curettage (D and C) will fail to diagnose and remove a large proportion of these lesions. However, D and C is a reliable diagnostic method for women without focal lesions in the uterine cavity. It is not known whether simple outpatient sampling devices (e.g. Pipelle) are as reliable as D and C in women without focal lesions. A measurement of endometrial thickness is a simple and accurate method for estimating the risk of endometrial cancer. The reliability of ultrasound evaluation of endometrial morphology and/or vascularization for risk estimation of endometrial malignancy remains to be determined. This article was published in Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords