alexa Mapping specific functions in the capsid structure of canine parvovirus and feline panleukopenia virus using infectious plasmid clones
Microbiology

Microbiology

Research & Reviews: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

Author(s): Parrish CR, Parrish CR

Abstract Share this page

DNA sequences between 0 and 98.8 genome map units (m.u.) from canine parvovirus (CPV) and feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) were cloned into plasmid vectors to form infectious molecular clones. Those plasmids were transfected into permissive cells and viruses recovered were shown to contain intact genomes, having regenerated the complete viral 5′ ends up to 100 m.u. The viruses derived from the plasmids were compared to the original viruses, and shown to be indistinguishable in antigenic type, hemagglutination (HA) type and host range. The plasmid origin of the viruses was shown by preparing recombinant clones between CPV and FPV, and demonstrating the recombinant nature of the resulting viruses by restriction mapping and by sequencing viral DNA across the recombination sites. The sequences of our wild-type isolates CPV-d and FPV-b were completed, revealing 50 nucleotide sequence differences, of which 16 determined coding changes—5 in NS-1, 2 in NS-2, and 9 in VP-2 protein. The sequences of the 5′ ends (95.3–100 m.u.) of both viruses were also determined. Analysis of recombinant viruses mapped both CPV- and FPV-specific antigenic epitopes, the pH dependence of HA, and sequences affecting canine host range of the viruses within the VP-1 and VP-2 structural protein genes. Most of the specific changes were shown to be either on, or within one amino acid of, the surface of the virus capsid, indicating that the exposed surface of the parvovirus capsid plays an important role in determining a number of virus functions. The specific epitopes were affected by differences in a raised area on the capsid (“threefold spike”), while the pH dependence of HA difference was adjacent to a depression in the surface of the capsid at the twofold axis of symmetry.

This article was published in Virology and referenced in Research & Reviews: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]csonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords