Author(s): Tang JL, Lancz G, Specter S, Bullock H
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Abstract The effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) on the growth, DNA synthesis and phagocytic activity of P388D1, a murine macrophage cell line, were investigated. Incubating cell cultures with THC resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of cell propagation and DNA synthesis. The magnitude of these effects was dependent upon the number of cells in the culture as well as the protein content in the culture medium. As the cell number increased, the THC effect decreased. Using cell cultures in which the cell concentration was standardized, THC (greater than or equal to 5 micrograms/ml) produced pronounced inhibitions of cell growth and DNA synthesis, while lower THC concentrations (less than or equal to 3 micrograms/ml) were less effective. Studies examining the phagocytic activity of the P388D1 cells indicating exposure to THC (5 micrograms/ml for 2 h) only marginally affected the association of latex beads with the external surface of the plasma membrane. However, the ability of these THC-treated cells to internalize the latex particles was severely depressed. Thus, the data indicate that THC inhibited the growth and functional activity of murine macrophages in vitro and suggests that the P388D1 cell line is a useful model to study the effects of cannabinoids on the phagocytic process.
This article was published in Int J Immunopharmacol
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta