Author(s): Ganesan P, Matsubara K, Sugawara T, Hirata T
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Abstract Discovery of natural compounds as effective angiogenesis inhibitors has become an important approach in the prevention of cancer. We previously demonstrated the anti-angiogenic potential of two marine algal carotenoids, fucoxanthin and siphonaxanthin. In this study, we evaluated the molecular mechanisms of the anti-angiogenic activity of those two carotenoids using human umbilical vein endothelial cells. This study showed that both fucoxanthin and siphonaxanthin suppress the mRNA expression of fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) and its receptor (FGFR-1) as well as their trans-activation factor, EGR-1. But, the mRNA expression of VEGFR-2 did not show significant effect by those two carotenoids. Further, those two marine algal carotenoids down-regulate the phosphorylation of FGF-2-mediated intracellular signaling proteins such as ERK1/2 and Akt. Inhibition of FGF-2-mediated intracellular signaling proteins by those carotenoids represses the migration of endothelial cells as well as their differentiation into tube-like structures on Matrigel. These results demonstrate for the first time the possible molecular mechanism underlying the anti-angiogenic effects of fucoxanthin and siphonaxanthin and suggest that these effects are due to the down-regulation of signal transduction by FGFR-1. Our findings imply a new insight into the novel bio-functional property of marine algal carotenoids which should improve current anti-angiogenic therapies in the treatment of cancer and other pro-angiogenic diseases.
This article was published in Mol Cell Biochem
and referenced in Journal of Oceanography and Marine Research