Author(s): van der Bilt A, van Kampen FM, Cune MS
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Abstract Oral Rehabilitation by means of implant-retained mandibular overdentures is known to improve the oral function. The improvement may depend on the degree of retention and stability of the denture and thus on the type of attachment. In this within-patient cross-over clinical trial, we examined the hypothesis that more retention and stability of the overdenture improves the masticatory function. Eighteen patients received two permucosal implants, a new overdenture, and, successively, three different suprastructure modalities: a magnet, a ball, and a bar-clip attachment. We quantified aspects of the oral function by measuring the electromyographic activity of the jaw muscles and the jaw movement during chewing. The muscle activity was significantly lower for the unsupported new mandibular denture compared with values for the supported new denture. No significant differences in muscle activity were observed among the three attachment types. Furthermore, we did not observe significant differences in jaw muscle activity between the old unsupported denture and the new supported denture, despite significant differences in masticatory performance. Measuring muscle activity during chewing will thus not provide adequate information about masticatory function. Thus, subjects chewed more efficiently after implant treatment. No changes in cycle duration or in jaw movement parameters were observed among the various measurement moments.
This article was published in Eur J Oral Sci
and referenced in Dentistry