alexa Maternal and neonatal plasma cytokine levels in relation to mode of delivery.



Author(s): Buonocore G, De Filippo M, Gioia D, Picciolini E, Luzzi E,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract After birth, host defences must be recruited to manage the transition from an almost sterile to a normal environment. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the relationship between cytokine plasma levels and phagocyte burst in mothers and neonates during the peripartal period. Plasma levels of interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interferon (IFN)-gamma, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and whole blood superoxide anion (.O2-) generation were evaluated in 27 healthy mothers, 16 undergoing vaginal delivery (VD) and 11 elective caesarean section (ECS) and in their babies. Blood specimens were taken from the mothers at the beginning of labour, during labour, immediately after delivery and 4 days later in the VD group, and before anaesthesia, immediately after delivery and 4 days later in the ECS group; neonatal samples were taken at birth (cord blood) and 4 days later. After delivery by VD, these mothers had higher plasma levels of IL-1 beta, IL-6, IFN-gamma and higher .O2- generation than those delivered by ECS. IL-6 plasma levels and .O2- generation were higher in babies born by VD than in those born by ECS. A statistically significant correlation between IL-6 plasma levels and .O2- release was observed in cord blood of babies born by VD (r = 0.69; p < 0.006). The study demonstrates that labour plays an important role in modulating host defences in the newborn.
This article was published in Biol Neonate and referenced in Dentistry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version