Author(s): Agnew CL, Ross MG, Fujino Y, Ervin MG, Day L,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Dehydration induces marked alterations in maternal-fetal fluid homeostasis and accompanying fetal endocrine responses. We sought to determine if the increase in fetal plasma arginine vasopressin (AVP) levels during maternal dehydration is mediated by fetal plasma hypovolemia in addition to hyperosmolality and to examine maternal and fetal plasma atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) responses to maternal dehydration and oral rehydration. Seven pregnant ewes (127 +/- 1 day) were water deprived for 72-96 h, and five of these were orally rehydrated. Dehydration induced significant increases in maternal plasma osmolality (pOSM) (300 +/- 2 to 325 +/- 8 mosmol/kg) and AVP (3.0 +/- 0.4 to 18.9 +/- 4.0 pg/ml), and decreases in plasma ANF levels (28.1 +/- 3.1 to 19.7 +/- 3.1 pg/ml). Fetal pOSM (293 +/- 3 to 314 +/- 4 mosmol/kg), AVP (2.5 +/- 0.6 to 8.1 +/- 4.8 pg/ml), and urinary fractional sodium excretion increased significantly, whereas plasma ANF and fetal blood volume did not change. After maternal water access maternal plasma AVP decreased rapidly in comparison to the gradual decrease in maternal pOSM. Fetal plasma AVP levels did not change significantly and fetal pOSM decreased more slowly than maternal pOSM. Fetal plasma ANF increased in association with increased urine flow and glomerular filtration rate after maternal rehydration. These data indicate marked differences in fetal and maternal plasma ANF and AVP responses with dehydration-induced increases in fetal plasma AVP being secondary to plasma hyperosmolality, rather than hypovolemia. Rapid suppression of maternal plasma AVP may contribute to the slower equilibration of fetal pOSM during oral, as compared with intravenous, maternal rehydration.
This article was published in Am J Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy