alexa Maternal micronutrient malnutrition: effects on breast milk and infant nutrition, and priorities for intervention.
Nutrition

Nutrition

Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy

Author(s): Allen LH, Allen LH, Allen LH, Allen LH

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PIP: Lactating women are more likely to experience micronutrient deficiencies than a shortage of dietary energy or protein. Micronutrient deficiencies are also more likely to affect breastmilk composition and the development and nutritional status of breastfeeding infants. Dietary interventions or supplementation can increase the secretion of many of these nutrients in breast milk and improve infant nutritional status. The author offers a table summarizing how maternal deficiency of specific micronutrients affects their concentration in breast milk, reported subsequent effects on nursing infants, and the effects of maternal supplementation on the concentration of the nutrient in breast milk and on infant function. In general, milk composition is most affected by the maternal intake of water-soluble vitamins, less influenced by the intake of fat-soluble vitamins, and relatively unaffected by maternal mineral intake or status. This brief review summarizes current knowledge on the importance of maternal micronutrient status during lactation and suggests priorities for assessing and intervening with specific nutrients. Priorities for maternal micronutrient supplementation during lactation are first suggested and policy implications considered. The author reminds that the prevalence of deficiencies needs to be further documented in specific regions and as a result of specific dietary patterns. Moreover, where the opportunity exists, the effect of dietary and supplement interventions on maternal and infant outcomes should be evaluated systematically in order to increase knowledge in the area.
This article was published in SCN News and referenced in Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords