alexa Maternal mortality in Giza, Egypt: magnitude, causes, and prevention.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Kane TT, elKady AA, Saleh S, Hage M, Stanback J,

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Abstract This article presents results from a population-based study of the magnitude and causes of maternal mortality in the Giza governorate of Egypt in 1985-86. Deaths to women in the reproductive ages were identified through the death registration system. Family members of the deceased were interviewed using the "verbal autopsy" approach. Immediate and underlying causes of death were then assessed by a medical panel. This methodology allows for the classification of multiple causes of death and is appropriate when registration of adult deaths is nearly complete, but reporting on cause of death on death certificates is poor. Of all reproductive-age deaths, 19 percent were maternal deaths. The maternal mortality ratio for Giza is estimated to be, at minimum, 126 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. The maternal mortality rate is estimated to be, at minimum, 22 maternal deaths per 100,000 women aged 15-49, over 100 times the rate in Sweden. An average of 2.3 causes per maternal death were reported; the most common causes were postpartum hemorrhage (31 percent of cases) and hypertensive diseases of pregnancy, such as toxemia and eclampsia (28 percent of cases). Women experiencing hemorrhage, hypertensive diseases of pregnancy, or other serious complications must have easy access to hospital and maternity centers equipped for handling these conditions. Since most deliveries occur at home, many with the help of traditional birth attendants, TBAs will need training in early diagnosis, treatment, and/or effective referral of problem pregnancies. PIP:
This article was published in Stud Fam Plann and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

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