Author(s): Aziz Ahmad
By far the most dynamic and well organized challenge modernist Islam has been facing in Pakistan soft here revivalist writings and preachings of Abul Ala al-Mawdudi and his well knit, monolithic, totalitarian and fanatical religio-political organization, the Jama'at-islami. Born in 1903, Mawdudi began his journalistic career in 1929, editing first the al-Jama'at, the organ of the orthodox Jam'iyyat al-ulama-i Hind, and then starting in 1932 the Tarjumiin al-Qur'an an exegetical journal propagating his revivalist fundamentalism in religion and politics, a movement which he and his party describe as the "IslamicRenaissance." He claims to have attracted in 1937 the attention of Iqbal, who was then planning to write on the codification of Muslim jurisprudence. The proposal seems to have come to naught due to Iqbal's illness and death in the subsequent year.