alexa Maximizing mismatch discrimination by surface-tethered locked nucleic acid probes via ionic tuning.
Biomedical Sciences

Biomedical Sciences

Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine

Author(s): Mishra S, Ghosh S, Mukhopadhyay R

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Abstract Several investigations on DNA-based nucleic acid sensors performed in the past few years point toward the requirement of an alternative nucleic acid that can detect target DNA strands more efficiently, i.e., with higher sensitivity and selectivity, and can be more robust compared to the DNA sensor probes. Locked nucleic acid (LNA), a conformationally restricted DNA analogue, is potentially a better alternative than DNA, since it is nuclease-resistant, it can form a more stable duplex with DNA in a sequence-specific manner, and it interacts less with substrate surface due to presence of a rigid backbone. In this work, we probed solid-phase dehybridization of ssDNA targets from densely packed fully modified ssLNA probes immobilized onto a gold(111) surface by fluorescence-based measurement of the "on-surface" melting temperatures. We find that mismatch discrimination can be clearly improved by applying the surface-tethered LNA probes, in comparison to the corresponding DNA probes. We show that concentration as well as type of cation (monovalent and polyvalent) can significantly influence thermal stability of the surface-confined LNA-DNA duplexes, the nature of concentration dependence contradicting the solution phase behavior. Since the ionic setting influenced the fully matched duplexes more strongly than the singly mismatched duplexes, the mismatch discrimination ability of the surface-confined LNA probes could be controlled by ionic modulations. To our knowledge, this is the first report on ionic regulation of melting behavior of surface-confined LNA-DNA duplexes. This article was published in Anal Chem and referenced in Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine

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