Author(s): Matsumine A, Senda T, Baeg GH, Roy BC, Nakamura Y,
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Abstract The MCC gene was isolated from the human chromosome 5q21 by positional cloning and was found to be mutated in several colorectal tumors. In this study, we prepared specific antibodies and detected the MCC gene product as a cytoplasmic 100-kDa phosphoprotein in mouse NIH3T3 cells. Immunoelectron microscopic analysis showed that the MCC protein is associated with the plasma membrane and membrane organelles in mouse intestinal epithelial cells and neuronal cells. The amount of the MCC protein remained constant during the cell cycle progression of NIH3T3 cells, while its phosphorylation state changed markedly in a cell cycle-dependent manner, being weakly phosphorylated in the G0/G1 and highly phosphorylated during the G1 to S transition. Overexpression of the MCC protein blocked the serum-induced cell cycle transition from the G1 to S phase, whereas a mutant MCC, initially identified in a colorectal tumor, did not exhibit this activity. These results suggest that the MCC protein may play a role in the signaling pathway negatively regulating cell cycle progression.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy