Author(s): Coetzee S, Morrow BM, Argent AC
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Abstract AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of children with measles-related disease (MRD) admitted to a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and the effect on PICU resources and elective surgery of a recent measles epidemic. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study of all patients admitted to the PICU of Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa, with MRD from January to December 2010. Patient admission characteristics, duration of PICU admission and mortality were recorded. Costs were calculated using bed days utilised and estimated daily PICU admission cost. RESULTS: A total of 1274 children were admitted over the study period, 58 (4.6\%) with MRD (median (interquartile range) age 7 (5-9) months). Pneumonia was the most common reason for admission (81\%) and the main cause of mortality. Non-MRD mortality was 8.8\% compared with MRD mortality of 31\% (P < 0.0001). Standardised mortality for non-MRD was 0.7 versus 1.7 in MRD (P = 0.002). HIV comorbidity and being underweight for age were associated with increased mortality. Patients with MRD occupied 379 bed days with a median (interquartile range) duration of stay of 5.5 (3.0-9.0) days at an estimated overall cost of R4,813,300 (approximately $543,900). During the study period, 67 children booked for elective surgery, and 87 other referrals were refused PICU admission. CONCLUSIONS: MRD was associated with significant morbidity and mortality, and substantial strain on scarce PICU resources. © 2013 The Authors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health © 2013 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians).
This article was published in J Paediatr Child Health
and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination